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Blindness is 60% preventable through care and education of the community. Conditions such as glaucoma, cataracts, retinitis pigmentosis, diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration are responsible for 51% of blindness. 49% is due to neglect, lack of knowledge and professional care. Early diagnosis, modern technology and protective eye-ware can significantly reduce the rate of blindness. 

Macular Degeneration: Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in America. It results from changes to the macula, a portion of the retina that is responsible for clear, sharp vision and is located at the back of the eye.

Diabetic Retinopathy: Diabetes is a disease that interferes with the body's ability to use and store sugar and can cause many health problems. One problem, called diabetic retinopathy, can weaken and cause changes in the small blood vessels that nourish your eye's retina, the delicate, light sensitive lining of the back of the eye. These blood vessels may begin to leak, swell or develop brush-like branches.

Retinitis pigmentosa (RP): is a group of inherited diseases that damage the light-sensitive rods and cones located in the retina, the back part of our eyes.  Rods, which provide side (peripheral) and night vision, are affected more than the cones which provide color and clear central vision.

Glaucoma: is an eye disease in which the internal pressure in your eyes increases enough to damage the nerve fibers in your optic nerve and cause vision loss. The increase in pressure happens when the passages that normally allow fluid in your eyes to drain become clogged or blocked. The reasons that the passages become blocked are not known.

Cataracts: A cataract is a clouding of all or part of the normally clear lens within your eye, which results in blurred or distorted vision. Cataracts are most often found in persons over age 55, but they are also occasionally found in younger people.

Source: American Optometric Association AOA


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